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Anna Lussenburg

  • Anna Lussenburg

The Ultimate Guild To Building Resilience

How do you develop resilience in your child? Is it learned?  Is it something you can teach? 

Children enjoying total freedom

I've decided to write this article, the ultimate guide to building resilience in children because I believe the way we teach resilience now focused primarily on older age groups will have long-term impacts on the health of our children.

I’ve lost count of the number of articles I’ve read about the importance of developing resilience but most of them talk about teaching resilience to older children, teens or grownups as if the job can be safely left until the child is older. Either that, or they are intended for adults and for many that's the same as trying to learn anything when you're older, not impossible but certainly more of a challenge.


And all that's a shame because building resilience needs to be allowed to develop in small children and frankly, the younger the better. 

As you know, resilience is mentioned all over the web and for good reason, as it's a critical coping mechanism but if we leave it until they are older we deny children a critical part of their development, one that will have a major impact on them as they grow. It is in many ways the key to their success because it allows them the ability to bounce back when things go wrong and adapt rapidly to changing circumstances. Having said that, the ground is muddied as to what does and does not create real resilience and in Canada where I live and around the world, parents are often unknowingly destroying their child’s ability to develop resilience, simply because most people have no idea of how inner resilience really develops.

Is it learned?  Is it something you can teach?  Can you sit with your children pointing to a book and explain ‘resilience’ as if it was like learning to use the potty or teaching your child how to share with friends?

No unfortunately it doesn’t come from any of those. It would be far easier if it did. That's because resilience is not a skill in the traditional sense.  It’s an integral part of being.  It results from how you are brought up and the more you are exposed to situations that produce it, the more you will develop.  It's like a muscle, work it and it gets better.

But no matter how old your child is at this very moment you can improve their inner resilience and that's because it comes from experience and only experience can teach it.

So the irony is just vast that just at the time when we need our children to develop resilience the most, all the experiences that produce it are coming under assault and we're doing the exact opposite of what we should be doing.

So what are those assaults and how are they impacting our developing children in a way that might ultimately affect our very ability to survive as a species?  Well the assaults come under names that we might not even recognize.  Try ‘Self esteem’ and ‘Safety’ and all the words out there that are designed to make us feel good, warm and fuzzy without doing anything remotely out of our comfort zone.

You see, resilience comes out of a struggle.  That’s it, there’s no other way to get it. Take the wrong bus and end up at the wrong stop will build you resilience but only if you aren’t able to place a rescue call for someone to pick you up.  Failing science and having to try harder: There’s a good one.  Having to go to another hockey game and try again because the last time you mucked up and everyone is mad at you.  Realizing that a course or activity you thought you'd enjoy is just terrible but sticking with it anyway, even though you're sometimes miserable.

It really is ironic that all the things that we generally think of as negative experiences to be shied away from, are actually integral to being able to actively navigate the world as the adult and deal with the bumps of life. The scary part is that we’re parenting children in a way that ensures children will have a harder and harder time navigating that future.  All the experiences that create resilience are being systematically wiped away in favour of making us all feel safe and comfy and protected.

And it starts so young. Parents hover not allowing their children to take any risks and that's reflected in the toys they buy. Take the wonderful toys on display at Christmas and look at how they offer us a stunning example.  There’s the Fisher Price ‘Smart Cycle.’  Get all the experience of riding your bike without the experience!  No wind in your hair.  No thrill of taking the corner too fast.  No wobble when you move the handlebars too severely.  No need for all those worries when your bike is firmly hooked up to the TV.   Same for the Fisher Price “Fun 2 Learn Smart Fit Park.”  Who knew you didn’t have to go outside and get a tad bit frosty to have some fun this winter?

Safe, secure and coddled might sound good but it denies children the very coping mechanisms that will make the difference to them as adults and it denies them the one skill that they will need more than any other.

Spend some time watching new moms and dads and you'll discover that baby is often carried about long after they actively outgrow their bounds and want to explore. Moms and dads come running the moment they squawk because they’ve been brainwashed to believe that meeting their children’s needs means never even allowing the minimum of discomfort to develop.

So What do the brain experts say?

Yet it’s that momentary discomfort and struggle that leads to real resilience and ironically, even pleasure.  In ‘Satisfaction: The Science of Finding True Fulfillment*,’ Dr Gregory Berns explains that satisfaction is more about the struggle than the achievement itself. In other words, it’s more about the journey and not the arrival.  The human brain needs new experiences that are challenging.

How many times have you heard that children should not be allowed to talk to strangers even though the librarian is a stranger, as is the bus driver?  How many children are not allowed to play at the playground without mom or dad in tow, following along behind monitoring their every move.  How many young children are not allowed to navigate the yard alone?  Even the older ones are frequently not allowed on a city bus or not allowed to walk to soccer practice. The news is full of parents who've almost had their kids hauled off to foster care or are subject to extra monitoring for simply wanting their children to stand on their own two feet.

The bottom line is that children need to live life to the full, not stand at its edges.

For far too many children these days, life is a series of dulled experiences.  Experiences that have literally had the very life and inherent risk sucked right out of them. What's the real fun of a slide only a few feet off the ground. I remember what a real slide used to look like and that was really fun.

So for all those children whose real experiences are reduced to an empty shell, I implore parents to understand their children’s real needs and take on board the real importance of a struggle.  Try to resist stepping in to sweep away all your children’s problems as you’re simply not doing them any favours in the long run.

What you want to do is to try to avoid giving major attention to minor setbacks.

Children, especially little ones, will look to you to see how you deal with things that affect them.  Show fear of the world and they will too. Show undue upset at a minor bonk on their head or the fact that their friend has suddenly ditched them to play with someone else is, to give them the idea that such setbacks are overwhelming and deserve great attention, dissection and angst.  By all means discuss what happened but do so in a way, that allows them to develop resilience in the face of a negative event and that’s by not focusing on it or giving it undue attention.   

The best way to discuss an event, or a problem that's bothering your children without giving it that undue attention, is to open the natural doors of communication and talk about it whilst focused on something else.  Try sorting the laundry basket together or sweeping the floor. 

Talking to your children whilst engaged in another task is the way parents have offered support to their children for millennia. It's why it’s so much easier for people to talk to teenagers in the car. That's because you’re focused on the act of driving and that’s far less intimidating to anyone who wants to open up about something bothering them.  To chat whilst doing something alongside your child, is to create an environment that transcends minor difficulties and offers support in a natural way that helps children learn to bounce back from disappointments.

Think as yourself giving your children the keys to master their life themselves. As my guide for writing the ultimate guide to building resilience, my father used to have a saying.  All of us will, at one point or other go in to the jungle, a period of difficulty that often defines life.  Some of us unfortunately get lost and fail to make it out at all.  Some will come out on their hands and knees and some will come out with the monkeys carrying the coconuts.  Whatever you do and however much you protect your child, they will at one point, enter that jungle. Let’s understand just how important it is to give them the skills to at least come out, coconuts notwithstanding.